Naturalisation vs Citizenship-by-investment

Let us compare the citizenship programs offered/currently available by various countries and then below we will see about naturalization.

 

Minimum Investment Citizenship by Investment Dual Nationality
Antigua & Barbuda yes
Australia A$1.5 million no yes
Bahamas no no
Belize closed
Belgium € 400,000 no yes
Bulgaria € 500,000 no
Cyprus €10 million yes
Czech Republic no
Canada C$ 800,000 no yes
Dominica $75,000 yes
Estonia no
Grenada closed
Hong Kong HK$ 6.5 million no
Hungary € 250,000 no yes
Monaco €1 million+ no no
Iceland no
Switzerland Sfr 250,000/yr no
Slovakia unknown
Slovenia no
Iceland
Ireland no
Latvia € 72,000 no no
Malta yes
Montenegro €500,000 suspended no
New Zealand N$ 1.5 million no
Panama $40,000 no yes
Singapore S$ 1.5 million no no
UK £300,000 no yes
USA $500,000 no yes

Naturalisation

The most common way of acquiring citizenship is by “Naturalisation” (means living certain amount of years to apply for citizenship through residency)

Here is the list of EU member countries, with minimum stay requirements for naturalization:

Renunciation =  Loss of Previous citizenship (dual nationality)
PR -> Permanent residence status at time of launching citizenship application.

Austria – 10yrs, Renunciation (yes, no under investment program),  PR status (yes)
Belgium – 3 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
UK**  – 5yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (yes)
Ireland – 4yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Bulgaria** – 5yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Croatia** – 5yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (no)
Czech Republic – 5 years, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
France – 5 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Latvia – 5 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Malta – 5 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Netherlands – 5 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (no)
Poland – 5 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Sweden – 5 yrs,Renunciation (no),  PR status (yes)
Turkey** – 5 yrs
Finland – 6 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Portugal – 6 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Greece – 7 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (yes)
Iceland – 7 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (yes)
Norway – 7 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Luxembourg – 7 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)

Cyprus – 8 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Estonia – 8 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Germany – 8 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (no)
Hungary – 8 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (yes)
Romania** – 8 yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Slovakia – 8 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Denmark – 9 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Italy – 10years, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)
Lithuania –  10 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (yes)
Slovenia – 10 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (no)
Spain – 10 yrs, Renunciation (yes),  PR status (no)
Switzerland – 12yrs, Renunciation (no),  PR status (no)

** Non schengen countries

Disclaimer: The above information presented above is subjected to change, depending on the country laws. Please check with the embassy of respective countries for accurate information.

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